Saturday, 25 May 2013

11 contoh asam kuat dan 6 contoh asam lemah



Asam kuat
No
Rumus asam
Nama asam
Reaksi ionisasinya
Jumlah ion H+
Sisa asam
1
HBr
Asam bromida
HBr→H++Br-
1
Br-
2
HI
Asam iodida
HI→H++I-
1
I-
3
HNO3
Asam nitrat
HNO3→H++NO3-
1
NO3-
4
HClO3
Asam klorat
HClO3→H++ClO3-
1
ClO3-
5
HClO4
Asam perklorat
HClO4→H++ClO4-
1
ClO4-
6
H2SO4
Asam sulfat
H2SO4→2H++SO42-
2
SO42-
7
HIO3
Asam iodit
HIO3→H++IO3-
1
IO3-
8
HBrO3
Asam bromit
HBrO3→H++BrO3-
1
BrO3-
9
HBrO4
Asam perbromat
HBrO4→H++BrO4-
1
BrO4-
10
HIO4
Asam periodat
HIO4→H++IO4-
1
IO4-
11
HCl
Asam klorida
HCl→H++Cl-
1
Cl-

Asam lemah
No
Rumus asam
Nama asam
Reaksi ionisasinya
Jumlah ion H+
Sisa asam
1
CH3COOH
Asam asetat
CH3COOH→H++CH3COO-
1
CH3COO-
2
HF
Asam fluorida
HF→ H++F-
1
F-
3
HCN
Asam sianida
HCN→ H++CN-
1
CN-
4
H2S
Asam sulfida
H2S→2 H++S2-
2
S2-
5
H2SO3
Asam sulfit
H2SO3→2 H++SO32-
2
SO32-
6
C6H5COOH
Asam benzoat
C6H5COOH→ H++C6H5COO-
1
C6H5COO-

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